Birthmarks and moles

Are birthmarks and moles a complicated problem? (Treatment)

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The arrival of a new family member. Everyone was delighted with the new little guest. Suddenly, a large black spot was seen under the child’s feet. In other words, birthmarks.Some consider it normal, others are a bit worried.In addition to having a baby with a birthmark, new moles can appear as you age. that develop at the same time. Now the question is, are birthmarks and moles a complicated matter? Will this harm the child or future adult? In today’s article, we will know about Birthmarks and moles problem.

Are birthmarks and moles a complicated problem?

Melanocytic nevus:

1) Most people have at least one melanoma.

2) About 1% of individuals are born with one or more congenital melanoma moles, and these are often scattered throughout the body.

3) White people have more melanoma moles than dark-skinned people.

4) Occurs at any time during childhood or adulthood. They can fade or even fade from sun exposure.

Causes of birthmarks and moles:

  • Although the exact cause of nevus cell proliferation is unknown. However, it is clear that the number of melanocytic moles a person has depends on genetic factors, sun exposure and immune system.
  • Other family members of people with melanoma may also have the same mole.
  • Once new melanocytic nevi form, they can be completely destroyed with certain drugs. These are called BRAF inhibitors.
  • People living in Northern Europe have fewer moles than people living in Australia and New Zealand.
  • Immunosuppressive treatment increases the number of nevi.
Birthmarks

Characteristics of birthmarks and moles:

  • Melanoma nevi vary clinically, dermatologically, and histologically when examined separately.
  • They can appear on any part of the body.
  • Their differences are observed depending on where different parts of the body are located.
  • They can be flat or irregular.
  • Their color is pink or a darker brown than skin tone, steel blue or black.
  • Light-skinned people are light navy blue and darker-skinned people are dark brown or navy blue.
  • Moles are usually round or oval in shape, but sometimes moles can be abnormally shaped.
  • They range in size from a few millimeters to a few centimeters in diameter.

Classification:

Melanocytic is generally divided into two types. They are:

Congenial melanocytic nevus:

Congenital melanocytic nevi are classified according to their specific size, shape, and characteristics.

Small congenial nevus (small congenial nevus): Their size is < 1.5 cm.

Medium-sized nevus (medium congenial nevus): Their size is 1.5-19.9 cm.

Giant nevus: These are usually >20 cm.

Hairy nevus: This type of nevus has hair. Which is not like our normal hair. They are a bit thick, stiff and uneven.

Acquired melanocytic nevus:

Acquired melanocytic nevus usually occurs after birth. Many people call it a mole (mole). The obtained melanocytic nevi are divided into several types, which we will discuss. His name is signature nevi.

Moles

A characteristic mole is a large mole made up of many smaller moles. The different moles found there are:

Solid brown moles: Their color is all the same brown, with no mix of light or dark colors.

Solid Pink Nevus: This is usually more visible in people with fair skin. This is because their skin has less melanin.

Eclipsing nevus: The central part of this nevus is light brown and surrounded by dark brown sections. Most of them are found on the scalp. But they can be in other places.

Complexity:

  1. Many people worry about moles or moles as they age. Because these moles can cause a type of skin cancer called “melanoma”.
  2. They may seem harmless at first, but over time some nevi can spread and get larger.
  3. People with few moles have a higher risk of developing melanoma than those with many moles (100 or more).
  4. Melanocytic nevi sometimes vary from causes other than melanoma.For example, after exposure to the sun or during pregnancy, they may develop, grow, or disappear on their own.

Self Care Guide Lines:

There is no specific activity or restriction for melanocytic nevus. However, fabric sunscreen and sunblock should be used from the time the baby is 1 year old. People who wear makeup outside should wear makeup with good coverage.

Know more about perfect makeup tips for women.

When to go to the doctor:

A child born with a birthmark should visit a doctor at least once. Because the doctor will look at the shape, color and location of the nevi to tell if it is harmful for the future. Adults can consult a doctor if they have any confusion about the shape of a mole.

Moles problem

Treatment of birthmarks and moles:

Most melanocytic nevi are harmless and do not require treatment. But they can be deleted in the following cases.

  1. If cancer is suspected, it is reasonable to dispose of it.
  2. If it causes irritation. For example, getting entangled in clothes, or hurting yourself with a comb when combing your hair, or if there is a possibility of cutting your hand with a razor when shaving a boy.
  3. If the mole looks ugly.

Removal method:

Excisional biopsy: A portion of the mole is removed and sent to a lab to check for any cancerous material.

Razor biopsy (shave biopsy): In this procedure, the raised mole is removed.

Electrosurgical Destruction: In this procedure, the nevi are removed directly from the skin.

Laser: This method is used to reduce the number of moles, lighten their color, and remove hair on them.

Melasma is nothing to worry about. But if in doubt or if there are problems due to this, you can consult a doctor. Because this will remove the doubts in mind. Stay healthy, stay healthy.

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